It may seem quite apparent from the world map of continents. Their boundaries appear to fit together as if they were once connected. Al Gore even had fun (?) with this on in An Inconvenient Truth.
This interchange, leading to the integration of meteorology and plate tectonics, could explain some of the changes in global climate over millions of years.
Geology and paleontology, the study of fossils, shed light on the climatic conditions that prevailed on the surface of the earth at precise time periods in the past 150 million years or so. Paleo-Meteorology, the study of prehistoric climactic conditions, finds that strikingly similar climatic conditions existed in different continents, which presently bear no such similarities.
Joint meteorological research projects thus use developments in geology, oceanography and paleontology and maybe other fields. Just how the process of continental drifting started from that supercontinent Pangea is still not clear.
Some people believe they tend to move northward. For instance, India was not part of Asia until the large landmass jammed into Eurasian mainland only about 70 million years ago, and the result was the highest mountains on earth: Mt. Everest and the Great Himalayas.
So why this interdisciplinary mixup?
Integration meteorology and plate tectonics exists because all of the continents, over millions of years, have gone through different climate regimes. These range from tropic and sub-tropic climates, like you would see near the equator, to temperate and Arctic climates, and from mountain tops to ocean bottoms. All on the same land area at different times.
The two sciences help each other answer questions from time to time. Go back from Integration Meteorology and Plate Tectonics to the
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